New Zealand

Brief History:

  • Māori were the first to arrive to New Zealand 1,000 years ago.
  • Abel Tasman was the first European to sight the country.
  • It was the British who made New Zealand part of their empire.
  • In 1840, the Treaty of Waitangi was signed. This agreement established British law in New Zealand.
  • Years later, captain James Cook came in 1769 on the first of three voyages.
  • William Hobson was the very first governor of New Zealand.

Environmental/Landscape:

  • -New Zealand has temperate climate. Most of the country is close to the coast therefore they have mild temperatures, rainfall, and abundant sunshine.
  • -It has a lot of grassland.
  • Some of the original inhabitants died out, coconuts palm trees used to be found in New Zealand.
  • High mountains cause huge variation in rainfall.
  • Summer temperatures can be high as 104F degrees.Winter temperatures can be as low as 14F degrees.
  • New Zealand's climate is very similar to England.

Politics of Today:

  • New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy
  • Queen Elizabeth II as the queen of New Zealand.
  • Political power is held by the democratically-elected parliament of New Zealand.
  • There is no written constitution
  • Members of the executive council are also required to be members of the parliament
  • The current prime minister in John Key

Economy:

  • New Zealand has substantial hydroelectric power.
  • Agricultural exports include meat, dairy products, forest products,fruit and vegetables.
  • Economic development in the past few years has been built of markets and free trades.
  • Revenues are $82.63 billion.

Cultural Traditions:

  • They adopted the tropically based east Polynesian culture
  • In New Zealand they celebrate the Queen's Birthday on June 1st.
  • The Maori decorated the white wood of buildings, canoes and more using a mixture of red ocher and shark fat.
  • Their tattoos were done with a bone uhi (chisel).
  • People in New Zealand listen to a lot of western music.
  • New Zealand people eat a variety of ethnic foods. A traditional method used by the Maori people is called a Hangi.

Recreation:

  • New Zealander's are open to any competitive sport.
  • They have their own professional Rugby team.
  • Football is also a sport most people play in New Zealand. It's said to be the sport most played compared to any other sport.
  • The most popular woman sport id Netball.
  • New Zealand people do a lot of beach stuff like fishing, sailing, rowing and more.
  • Also they do a lot of hiking and snow sports since there are lots of mountains in New Zealand.

Education:

  • Most children start school when they turn five.
  • Primary school is from ages five to age twleve.
  • There are three types of schools in New Zealand, private schools, state schools and state integrated schools.
  • School starts at 9 am and runs through 3 pm or sometimes even 3:30 pm.
  • Discipline in school in New Zealand is the same as in the US, they tend to give more work or after school detention.
  • Curriculum in primary schools set out a plan of study that will balance out and provide a strong foundation.

Citation

New Zealand History - British and Maori | Tourism New Zealand. (n.d.). Retrieved May 21, 2015, from http://www.newzealand.com/int/history/

New Zealand. (n.d.). Retrieved May 21, 2015, from http://www.heritage.org/index/country/newzealand

Maori Tattoo. (n.d.). Retrieved May 26, 2015, from http://www.themaori.com/maori-tattoo

Sports. (n.d.). Retrieved May 26, 2015, from https://www.newzealandnow.govt.nz/living-in-nz/re...

The school system. (n.d.). Retrieved May 26, 2015, from https://www.newzealandnow.govt.nz/living-in-nz/education/school-system

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