Water, Water Everywhere

By: Taylor Davis

Functions of Water in Human Body

- Cell Life: maintains the health and integrity of every cell , carry nutrients and oxygen to cells

- Regulate body temperature through sweating, or chill bumps

- Transport of Nutrients

- Body temp and regulation, due to specific heat

- Moisturise the skin to maintain its texture and appearance

- Elimination of Waste , help eliminate the byproducts of the body’s metabolism, excess electrolytes , and urea, which is a waste product formed through the processing of dietary protein

- Coushin joints

Humans are made of water

- Men: 60 percent of body is made up of water

- Women 55 percent of body is made up of water

- Kids have 65 percent, and always have more than adults

Water in the Body

- People with more muscle mass tend to have more water stored in their body

- Your muscles contain 75 percent water, same as the amount in your brain. Fat contains only 10 percent water. This is less than bone, which contains 22 percent water

- The difference in fat and muscle tissue may be due to glycogen. Muscle contains glycogen, the storage form of glucose; glycogen is 75 percent water.

Organs Containing Water

- Kidneys (83 percent)

- Heart and Lungs (79 percent)

- Spleen (76)

- Intestine, and Brain (75 percent)

How much water should you consume per day?

- 8 glasses of water everyday

- 125 ounces

Specific heat and your body

- Specific heat: the amount of heat, in calories, needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius

-  Benefits living things so they we don't freeze or overheat

How long can we go without water?

- three days before we start to perish

- without water...

1. your cells would die

2. your body will stop fighting off illness (immune system)

3. you will no longer be able to digest food, or sweat  (digestive system)

Water and body fat

- Water doesnt like body fat

- Muscle holds more water than body fat

- The man below would not hold as much water as a healthy, muscular man  

Dehydration

- Symptoms:

  • Increased thirst
  • Dry mouth and swollen tongue
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Palpitations (feeling that the heart is jumping or pounding)
  • Confusion
  • Sluggishness fainting
  • Fainting
  • Inability to sweat
  • Decreased urine output

- Dehydration is the condition that occurs when the loss of body fluids, mostly water, exceeds the amount that is taken in

- Could lead to unhealthy weight loss, diaharria, vomiting, weakness, confusion, high fever, headache, difficulty breathing, faiting or diziness (like the man in the photo below), or chest and abdominal pain

Sources

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