The Nuremberg Laws
Dates, Architects, and Sub-Laws
On September 15, 1935 the Nazis gathered for their annual rally to promote and administrate their party. This would become the day the first four steps of genocide were set to come to a head. The Nuremberg Laws, as they became known, were put into effect during this gathering. Just two days before, on September 13th, Hitler decided to step up restrictions and laws against German Jews and tasked several party members with creating legislation based on his vision. Among them were Bernhard Loesener, Reich Ministry of the Interior, as well as State Secretaries Hans Pfundtner and Dr. Wilhelm Stuckart. Hitler wanted this legislation ready to be presented at the Nuremberg Party, for which the Laws are named, in only two days. Despite their different views on how severe the laws should be and how they should be worded the group was able to present two major laws at the rally:
-All German Jews will have their Reich citizenship revoked
-Marriage/Sex between Jews and Aryans is criminalized
Soon after the Nuremberg Laws were approved by Hitler, not that he would have vetoed them, the Quiet Years began for the German Jews. This period came as the 1936 Olympic Games, which were being held in Berlin, approached their start date. With the eyes of the world falling on Germany, Hitler scaled back on the discrimination of Jews so that the games wouldn't be relocated. The Nuremberg Laws remained in effect but any further acts of violence or racism were postponed so that Germany would look better politically. When the games, which the Germans sent no Jewish athletes to, came to an end the Nazis once again began targeting Jewish people and businesses. From 1937-38 Jewish business owners and employees were removed from their jobs while also being required to, like all other German Jews, carry around an identification card which stated their name and religion.
The first image seen was the visual representation given to the German people by the Nazis of what the Nuremberg Laws "looked" like. It provided information of who was considered a Jew and who they could or couldn't marry if they were.
The second is simply a map of modern Germany and parts of it's neighbors. Significant locations on the map include, for obvious reasons, Berlin and Nuremberg. These areas acted as the head of Nazi government and the birthplace of the discussed laws. Borders with neighboring countries along with their capitols are also included for relative positioning if points of reference are recognized.
The video describes the date and location of the Laws at the time they were enacted. The quantity and purpose of documents along with the direct mention of Dehumanization are included in the above video.
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