WHAT IMPACT DID THE BLACK DEATH HAVE ON EUROPEAN SOCIETY?
The Black Death is to have originated in Central Asia it reached the trade city of Kaffa in the Black Sea by 1346.From there black rats carried it to merchant ships bound for Italy and other parts of the world.It spread around the Mediterranean Sea and also Europe.
When the Black Plague arrived in 1347 it quickly spread around Europe. Towns were often dirty and trash was all over the place which is also a great environment for rats which carried the disease. People in these times were not entirely very clean. They tended to only wash there hands and face and sometimes take a shower once a year. Having no understanding of the virus and or defense people often just panicked and died. The disposal of there bodies was not very good so the people moving the bodies often got the disease.When there was a battle and or hit an major city the disease continued to spread faster.
The Black Death had an huge impact on Europe the workforce began to decrease, inflation on crops. Buildings fell and farms were abandoned.The black death did though sort of set the stage for better research in medical science and antibiotics. The plague also caused many to have a doubt in there faith like thinking that god had cursed the and planned for this to happen to them and burned churches. Cause one another to turn on each other.People would blame others for being the cause of it. Many would not visit relatives and friends afraid of possibly getting sick. Elections were not able to be held because so much of the European society was killed. The Black plague killed almost 2/3 of the population,25- 50 million out of 75 million people. This also caused the feudal system to decline.
ABOUT THE BLACK DEATH
The plague actually has three parts to it
-Bubonic Plague most commonly seen form during the Black Death. Sign of bubonic plague was the appearance of buboes in the groin, the neck and armpits, which oozed black pus and bled.Symptoms including a high fever, headaches, painful aching joints, nausea and vomiting, and a general feeling of discomfort. Who that caught the bubonic plague, 4 out of 5 died within eight days.
-Pneumonic Plague second most commonly seen form during the Black Death, killed 90-95 percent of people. Symptoms included fever, cough, and blood-tinged sputum. As the disease progressed, your lungs basically start to liquefy.
-Septicemic Plague Septicemic plague was the least common of the three forms. Symptoms were high fevers and purple/black skin patches. Your blood would simply not do its job of bringing oxygen to your body and also would not clot. As a result, your skin started to die and you tended to bleed all over your body.
The Black Death arrived in Europe by sea in October 1347 when 12 Genoese trading ships docked at the Sicilian port of Messina after a long journey through the Black Sea. Men on the ship were either seriously ill or dead. Mysterious black boils that oozed out pus and blood appeared on there body which gave them the name black death for the disease. This disease came from fleas and rats which at the time they had no clue of.
Economics and Society
Economy Fields went unplowed as the men who usually did this were victims of the disease. Harvests would not have been brought in as the manpower did not exist. Animals would have been lost as the people in a village would not have been around to tend them. Therefore whole villages would have faced starvation. Towns and cities would have faced food shortages as the villages that surrounded them could not provide them with enough food. Those lords who lost their manpower to the disease, turned to sheep farming as this required less people to work on the land. Grain farming became less popular – this, again, kept towns and cities short of such basics as bread. Also the price of food went up creating more hardship for the poor. In some parts of England, food prices went up by four times. The peasants who survived the Black Death believed that there was something special about them like almost as if God had protected them. They took this disease as an opportunity to improve their lifestyle. Peasants could demand higher wages as they knew that a lord was desperate to get in his harvest.
The disaster affected all aspects of life. Depopulation and shortage of labor effected the a already shaky economy; the substitution of wages for labor services was increased, and social interactions became less and less. Psychological morbidity affected the arts; in religion, the lack of education reduced the intellectual health of the church. Riots in the streets broke the unity of the Catholic Church. The Jews were often blamed to be the cause of the Black Death. They accused Jews of poisoning well they were tortured and burned.
Did You Know? Not only were the children effected physically, but also mentally. Exposure to public nudity, craziness, and (obviously) abundant death was premature. The death of family members left the children facing pain and anguish at an early age. Parents even abandoned their children, leaving them to the streets instead of risking the babies giving them the dreaded "pestilence". Children were especially unlucky if they were female. Baby girls would be left to die because parents would favor male children that could carry on the family name.hildren during the Black Death suffered greatly. A common nursery rhyme is proof. Ring a-round the rosy Pocket full of posies Ashes, ashes! We all fall down!Ring around the rosy : rosary beads give you God's help or possibly the round, bruising marks left on the bodies. A pocket full of posies : used to stop the odor of rotting bodies which was at one point was thought to cause the plague, it was also used widely by doctors to protect them from the infected plague patients. Ashes, ashes : the church burned the dead when burying them became to laborious. We all fall down: dead.Black Plague still exists around the world today, especially in Third World or developing nations where trash and pollution are prominent and vermin like rats exist. However, there are even cases of it reported in the United States each year. While this is a very serious illness, it is easily treatable nowadays with commonly available antibiotics. Mortality rate is about 8- 10%.
WHAT POLITICAL AND SOCIAL DID THE PLAGUE HAVE UPON THE DEVELOPMENT OF EUROPE?
HOW DID THE BLACK PLAGUE EFFECT EUROPEAN SOCIETY?
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