The Fiji Islands were founded by migrating sailors and later known as the Lapita about 3,500 years ago. The name Fiji came from the Tongan word Feejee that Western Explorers used. The fijian islands were also called the Cannibal Islands. Fijians got this reputation because they believe that eating the enemy will let them have the enemies power. After 96 years of fighting for independence, Fiji finally gained their independence on October, 10, 1970. Ratu Cacobau became King of Fiji in 1871. Next, in 1970 Fiji joined the Commonwealth of Nations. Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara was the first prime minister. His Alliance party governed until 1987. A new constitution was official in 1990. In 1994, Rabuka was the prime minister and Mara was the president. Next Mahendra Chaudhry became prime minister. In the year of 2000, rebels tried to take control of the government. A few day later, the military took over the country. After 2 months, Chaudhry was removed and a new government was made, the new government is an interim government. In the year of 2001, Laisenia Qarase became Prime Minister. In the year of 2006, Qarase was overthrown by the Fiji’s military leader. In the year of 2009 Bainimarama put himself as the head of the Interim Government. President Ratu Josefa Iloilo threw away the constitution only temporary and restored Bainimarama as the Prime Minister. In the year of 2009, Commonwealth suspended Fiji for disagreeing to hold the elections in the year of 2010. In the year of 2012, Bainimarama spoke about emergency laws and plans for future elections. (Fiji.)


Fiji is an Interim Government that is controlled by a Military Regime. The Head of the State is Ratu Epeli Nailatikau. As of right now, the Head of the Government is the Prime Minister, Commodore Josaia Voreqe (Frank) Bainimarama is covering to role of a president. Fiji has a Judicial Branch and it does not work alone. Fiji has not taken any electoral votes since their constitution has been suspended back in the year of 2009. When the Fiji Islands had that constitution, there was 32 people in Senate they had 14 Great Council of Chiefs, 9 Prime Ministers, 8 opposition leaders, 1 council of Rotuma Islanders. There was 71 people in the House of Representatives they had, 23 of the seats were reserved for iTaukei and 19 for Indo-Fijians, 3 were mixed raced, one was for Rotuma Islanders, the other 25 were for any other race. All representatives reserved 5 year terms. (Fiji.)


There is a lot of farming and fishing for food. Food such as bananas, coconuts, rice, taro, and pineapples are alsu used for cash also known as “cash crops”. Fiji’s also export good such as lumber, gold, processed fish and ginger. Manufacturer for furniture and clothing are small. There is also not a lot of industry services. Foreign aid had decreased in Fiji. Fiji’s government is using China as a source to get money. The currency is the Fijian Dollar (FJD). One Fijian Dollar is equivalent to one half or fifty cents of a United States Dollar (USD). (Fiji.)


Poverty plays a big role in Fiji. School education is free from First to Eighth grade. Going on to high school determines on if the student passed exams or not and if their family are able to pay for high school. Most schools are poor, Therefore school equipment are usually lacking. Some schools give textbooks to students for them to borrow, and some students are required to pay for their own textbooks. Students also have to pay for their school uniform. There is also lunch, bus, and school maintenance fees. As you can see, In most schools education is free but there are a lot of fees. For these reasons dropping out of school is at a high rate. Most people transport from open-air busses because it is inexpensive. Taxis are used and available, but expensive. Only a few people have there own cars. (Fiji.)


Fiji is north of New Zealand, it is also in the southwestern pacific and also known as Oceania. There is more than 300 islands of Fiji but there are only 110 islands are populated. Fiji is about the same size of New Jersey. The capital of Fiji is Suva, most of the people live in Taveuni, Viti Levu, and Vanua Levu. Some of the bigger islands in Fiji have volcanoes or mountains or tropical forests or are surrounded by coral reefs. The climate is humid and tropical. They do have a rainy season and the rainy season goes through November to April. Hurricanes and floods are possible. The temperatures do not change much and the range is from 72 Fahrenheit to 86 Fahrenheit. (Fiji.)

Kris Katona

such a great scenery.

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