10 THINGS to KNOW about HIV/AIDS
- What’s HIV?
Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a type of virus that progressively deteriorates the human immune system. Making the body vulnerable to some infections or deceases, this virus breaks down the ability to repel infections.
- What are AIDS?
According to a website that raises awareness of HIV/AIDS: AIDS.gov, the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) refers to the most advanced stages of HIV infections. Most of the people who are at this stage are at risk of having certain cancers, or other cells (CD4) which leads to the inability of the body to fight back infections.
- How do I get infected by HIV?
It can be transmitted when fluids that contains the HIV of someone infected enters the body of an uninfected person. There are other ways to get HIV: through the rectum, the vagina, the mouth, an injury, cuts and needles. The types of fluid are: blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, vaginal fluid and breast milk.
- What are the symptoms for HIV?
First HIV symptoms are: swollen glands of the throat and the armpits, headaches, fever and fatigue.
- What are the symptoms for AIDS?
The person will suffer from whitish coating, severe or recurring vaginal yeast infection, shortness of breathing problems, and will lose more than 10 pounds of weight that won’t be gained back afterwards. The person can also have bruises more easily and have a long period of frequent diarrhea.
- How do we prevent HIV transmission?
-Practice safe sexual behavior by using condoms
-Get a test and be treated for sexual transmitted infections.
-Avoid injecting drugs
- How do we cure HIV/AIDS?
There isn’t any cure yet, but there are treatments for it. The treatment called ‘’cocktails’’ strengthen the immune system to avoid the infected person to develop AIDS. Although it can work on some people, it is very expensive and it may have serious and uncomfortable side effects.
- How do I know if I have HIV?
See a health care provider who has experience treating HIV/AIDS. It is also important to inform your sex partner(s) who may also be infected and to not share needles.
Although accessing preventive interventions remains limited to most low and middle-income countries, 62% of pregnant women living with HIV received the acquired help to prevent the HIV transmission in 2012.
- More information…
At the end of 2012, close to 10 million people were received an antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low and middle-income countries.
AIDS.GOV. HIV/AIDS Basics, 2013. Web. April 15, 2014.
World Health Organization. 10 facts on HIV/AIDS, 2013. Web. April 24,2014.