Mr. Menna History 2P7

1900-1910

My topic is Automobiles in Canada

The 1903 LeRoy is Canada's first gasoline powered in quantities for sale.

-1906; The Chatham Motor Company is formed

Ontario is the first province to license motor vehicles.

At that time very little cars were made and produced

Former bicycle racer, Lou D. Robertson, founds the Comet Motor Company in Montreal, QC.

1911-1920

-Multiple Car Company's were formed, in this time period we see some of the first advances in car history.

The Russell's body and engine are designed in Toronto until 191

-Later models, designed for an upscale market, were equipped with quiet Knight engines, imported from the United States.

A few cars from the 1911 - 1920.

1914 -The low price of the Model T makes car ownership a reality for many Canadian families.

1916- Bartlett automobiles have the first four-wheel brake and air suspension systems in Canada.

The First Electric car Starter

The "self starting ignition" system was first installed in a Cadillac on February 17, 1911. The invention meant that car owners no longer had to hand-crank their vehicles to start them, saving both time and effort.

1921-1930

-By 1929, there were over one million cars in Canada, which stimulated other car-related industries, such as highway construction, gas stations, motels, and service stations.

The 1925 Chrysler Plymouth new car.

-In 1925, Chrysler of Canada is founded in Windsor, Ontario

-the Plymouth Q-Four is the first Plymouth automobile manufactured in Canada.

-A total of 60,000 Model Q Plymouth's were sold in North America in 1928, their first year of production.

Canadians producing cars.

-Canada is the world's second-largest producer of cars, after the United States.

-By the end of the 1920s, the mass production of cars meant they were more affordable for more families. Canadians registered an impressive 1.9 million cars by the end of the decade.

1931-1940

-Canadians made and purchased fewer cars, and many car owners could not afford gasoline. Nonetheless, approximately 760,000 cars were sold in Canada in this decade.

-The GMC Buick Custom was built by Smith Body Works Ltd. in Toronto using the chassis of a 1931 McLaughlin-Buick.

-The Canadian production of the Frontenac is so successful it becomes independent of Durant Motors, its American parent company. The new Canadian company that emerges in 1931 is called Dominion Motors Ltd.

-The cars rounded nose and features, which made it more aerodynamic, stood out in the era of box shaped cars.

1941-1950

-The average cost of a new car is $850 and the average annual salary is $1,900.

Dodge cars with "fluid drive"

-Fluid Drive served to minimize the use of the clutch on a manual transmission, making acceleration smoother with less vibration, and was a predecessor to the fully automatic transmission. This model was built in Canada.

Chrysler family cars.

-Chrysler cars offer post-war consumers durable, comfortable family cars.

-1946; Canada's first drive-in theater opens in Stoney Creek, Ontario and has room for 750 cars.

The average cost of a new car is $850 and the average annual salary is $1,900.

1951-1960

The spread of new suburban communities and highways increased reliance on the car. For car design, it was the era of tail fins and heavy chrome.

-Economic growth made automobiles more affordable, and the romance with the car flourished.

-This era volvo was the first to introduce seatbelts in cars.

The 1958 Volkswagen Beetle from the collection of the Canada Science and Technology Museum.

-The Beetle was first sold in Canada in 1952.

-Canadians loved it for its reliability, simplicity and low gas consumption.

-They also liked its low price. By 1960, the Beetle was Canada's third best-selling car.

1961-1970

-For the first time, the automobile industry offered consumers their choice of cars in different size classes— compact, mid-size and full-size—while Sporty "Pony Cars" like the Mustang and the Camaro made their popular debut.

The Mercury Meteor Montcalm.

-The Mercury Meteor Montcalm was a hit in Canada.

-The Mercury Meteor brand was unique to the Canadian market. It was smaller and more economical than most American cars, making it popular with Canadians.

The Volvo Amazon is re-branded for the Canadian market, and becomes known as a "Volvo Canadian".

-The Volvo Canadian was a re branded version of the Volvo Amazon, which was sold domestically in Sweden.

-Volvo's first foreign assembly plant was opened in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1963. Cars were sent from Sweden to Halifax in kits, and then assembled for the North American market.

The 66 Studebaker Commander

-was one of the last models ever produced at the Hamilton plant, which closed in 1966.

Workers of the Trans-Canada highway!

-The Trans Canada Highway, running from Atlantic Canada to the Pacific, officially opens.

-Prime Minister John Diefenbaker stamped down the "last" piece of asphalt in the Rogers Pass roadbed, and declared the Trans Canada officially open.

1971-1980

-In 1973 OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) declared an embargo on oil exports to North America and many Western European nations, causing an oil crisis. This led to supply shortages and higher oil and gas prices. Consumers demanded smaller cars, as some governments reduced speed limits. Foreign car makers had an edge in the compact and sub-compact market, and for the first time, imported cars—such as the Honda Civic—gained popularity in the North American car market.

Manic—a fusion of European and American design to create a Canadian car.

-in 1968, a team led by Jacques About, began to develop the Manic GT.

-his team projected that they could produce 1,300 cars a year from the Granby, Quebec, assembly plant.

-Renault's supply of parts was unreliable and slow, and could not meet the demand of the Granby factory, which ended up closing in May of 1971. Only 160 Manic GTs were ever produced.

Cars from 1971-1980

-The Canadian Parliament passes the Motor Vehicle Safety Act.

-In cooperation with provincial and national safety and standards organizations, Transport Canada developed national safety standards for the design and construction all motor vehicles.

-The Motor Vehicle Safety Act came into effect on January 1, 1971.

1981-1990

-The Voyager minivan arrived on the scene in 1984, overshadowing the station wagon as Canada's favourite family vehicle. It was assembled in Windsor, Ontario along with the near-identical Dodge Caravan and Chrysler Town and Country.

-These minivans handled like regular cars, but had much more seating capacity—and as much cargo space as small trucks. This versatility made them very popular.

Plymouth Voyager—the "Magic Wagon" is a hit with families.

-In the auto industry, domestic manufacturers experienced increased competition from foreign makers, particularly those in Japan. Chrysler introduced the highly popular mini-van in 1984. By 1989, most governments around the world had made seat belt use mandatory for front-seat passengers.

The first Canadian-made Honda rolls off the line in Alliston, Ontario.
Volvo GLO

-The Volvo 740 GLO models were designed and developed in Sweden but were assembled at Volvo's Halifax plant.

-Canadian workers assembled the cars, which arrived by ship in kit form. Few domestic parts were added.

-In 1998, Volvo redirected its focus to its European assembly operations and the Halifax plant was closed.

1991-2000

-In the automobile sector, larger vehicles, such as SUVs and trucks, increased in popularity. Japanese cars continued to challenge domestic automakers for dominance in the market. By the end of the decade, airbags and shoulder straps had become mandatory safety equipment in new cars.

-Cars from 1991-2000

Ford Escort Hybrid

-The University of Alberta's modified Ford Escort Hybrid places first in the 1993 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge.

-The Ford Motor Company donated a 1992 Ford Escort to the University of Alberta, Department of Mechanical Engineering to be modified for the competition. And they made it a Hybrid Car.

Toyota Prius—Canadians discover hybrid cars.

-The first Toyota Prius went on sale in 1997 in Japan, though it had already been imported privately to the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand. By 2001, it was available in North America.

-That is the end of my tackk presentation, the evolution of Canadian cars from the 1900's until 2000.

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