International Space Station
The International Space Station also known as the I.S.S was designed to orbit the earth while doing many different experiments and different types of research. Its main purpose was to do world-class science and research that you can only do in a microgravity environment (no gravity). There are 16 countries involved with the I.S.S. Some of the main countries involved are United States, Russia, Germany and Canada. The I.S.S was built in November 20th 1998. It is about 240 miles above the earths surface and travels at a speed about 17500 mph it travels around the earth every 90 mins!!! The I.S.S has a state of the art laboratory and a volume of a five bedroom house it is about the same size as a football field.
Daily Life Aboard The I.S.S
Living in space is much more different from living on earth it is harder to do things, because of the lack of gravity to live in space you would have to change the way you do things. An Astronauts morning routine consists of showring using rinseless shampoo (it was originally used for hospital patients to wash their hair). When they brush their teeth they use normal toothpaste but they have to spit into a towel instead of an sink. Every astronaut has their own personal hygiene kit it is attached to the wall. Going to the washroom is very difficult in space. The toilets act as a vacuum, they have fans that suck in the waste. Each astronauts has their own urine funnel it acts as a hose with suction. To have a shower in space astronauts have to put water on a towel and put soap on themselves then they have to rub the towel with water on them self. Getting dressed is different from earth astronauts can’t change their clothes everyday because they have no place to wash them. Astronauts wear their clothes until they can't wear them anymore for example if the clothes smell or if they are dirty. When they are finished with their clothes they put them into an hamper and they get discarded.
Eating in space is a challenge. Some foods can not be eaten in natural forms while others can. Some foods need water or to be heated in a oven. There are no refrigerators so they can’t have food that needs to be kept cold for too long like fruits and vegetables. Astronauts have things like salt, mustard, ketchup,. mayonnaise, and pepper all in liquid form. Astronauts supply of vitamins and minerals vary from astronaut to astronaut depending on size and weight. There are many different drinks supplied on the I.S.S such as Coffee, Tea, Orange Juice and many different types of fruit punches. unlike us on earth when astronauts drink they have to drink through straws and bags or then the liquid would go every where. Astronauts have lots of selection of food to choose from. They can choose from foods such as Dried fruits, nuts, butter, chicken, beef, seafood, candy and brownies. All foods come in disposable packages so when they are done eating they throw the packages away.
If you don’t exercise in space then your bones and muscles can become very week and you can get bone and muscle loss. To prevent bone and muscle loss you have to work out two hours a day everyday so you can stay strong. Since there is no gravity in space exercising can be quite difficult, for example a 200 pound weight on earth would feel like nothing in space! There are many different exercises astronauts can do in space, one way to exercise is to use a Cevis it almost like a bike but you have to be locked into it and when you pedal there is a something pulling on the wheel so that it will be harder to pedal. Another exercise device astronauts use is a resistive exercise device also known as The R.E.D
Astronauts perform many tasks while they are in space . Astronauts spend their days in space working on science experiments and also watching and controlling experiments on earth. They also participate in medical experiments about how well their bodies are adjusting to living in an environment with no gravity ( microgravity). Crew members are always checking support systems, cleaning filters and updating computer equipment. The Mission Control Center watches the space station and sends messages each day with a voice mail or email about new plans to help astronauts with their daily routines.
Sleeping in space is almost the same as sleeping on earth there are only a few differences. In space there is microgravity so that means no ups or downs . Astronauts have no weight and can sleep in any position but they have to attach themselves to a wall so they don't float around. Astronauts usually sleep in sleeping bags in small crew cabins. Every crew cabin is only big enough for one person. Astronauts are supposed to get eight hours of sleep just like on earth . Sometimes they might wake up in the middle of their sleep to go the toilet, or stay up late and look out the window. Motion sickness can be bad the astronaut's sleep . Astronauts have dreams and nightmares. Sometimes they might even snore.
The I.S.S was built to learn and study how the human body reacts to microgravity but there are many other and much different experiments that they do on the I.S.S that can help the world for the future such as: cell and tissue growth. Cell and can be different than on earth. Many experiments have used the cells, tissues and small organisms in space to help humans learn about our growth rates in space,The I.S.S can help teach and inspire students to learn and help them through mathematics and science. The station has a good impact on students by involving them in station research and last but not least long-term physical effects in space. The microgravity environment allows different changes in your body and this has been used for many physical experiments.
Affects on the body
Living in space is much harder than living on earth and one thing that is much harder is your health. You have to have very good health just to go up to space just imagine how your body can change in space. You can get bone and muscle loss. Since there is no gravity you can not walk or put any weight on your muscles and bones this can affect you on earth and can take a long time to cure. You can also have Sensorimotor disturbances that can impact control of vehicles and your functional performance. Blood flow can also take a big turn in space since there is no pull of gravity the blood can not be properly distributed throughout the lower body and can cause you to feel numb.
Canada has done many things to help out the learning and research of space here are three ways how they impacted the learning of space.
1.Mobile Servicing system also known as the MSS. It was assembled by robots. The MSS is made from the Canadarm2 it is an 17m robotic arm that is used to move pieces of the I.S.S
2. Dexter, A robot with two arms just like a human. It is used for maintenance.
3. Mobile base, it is a used as a work platform and a storage space. It can transport things across the I.S.S to the Canadaarm2 or Dextre by sliding on rails.
3 Facts about the I.S.S
1. The astronauts on the I.S.S have 15 sunrises and sunsets
2. The I.S.S has 14 rooms
3. There has been 8 space tourist flights
This information is from Nasa.gov